THERMOELECTRIC POWER PLANT PDF DOWNLOAD

This work evaluates the environmental impact resulting from the natural gas and diesel combustion in thermoelectric power plants that utilize the combined cycle. A thermal power station is a power station in which heat energy is converted to electric power. In most of the places in the world the turbine is steam-driven. Water is heated, turns into steam and spins a steam turbine which drives an electrical generator.‎Types of thermal energy · ‎Thermal power · ‎Electricity cost · ‎Typical coal thermal. In the United States, 90 percent of electricity comes from conventional thermoelectric power plants – coal, nuclear, natural gas and oil – that require cooling.


THERMOELECTRIC POWER PLANT PDF DOWNLOAD

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THERMOELECTRIC POWER PLANT PDF DOWNLOAD


However, it is important to note that not all the water required for cooling is actually consumed permanently lost.

While only a small percentage of the water used to cool thermoelectric power plants is actually consumed, very large volumes are required for use. Also, the plants do not take up space on land.

Because they have no moving solid parts, they would have low maintenance costs. In addition, the power output does not depend on the time of day or season.

And finally, the method is green, as it does not release emissions. A thermoelectric power plant can also use geothermal sources to produce the temperature gradient. In these designs, the conversion efficiency is the most important factor because the fuel accounts for the largest portion of the cost.

The electricity flows to a distribution yard where transformers increase the voltage for transmission thermoelectric power plant its destination. The steam turbine-driven generators have auxiliary systems enabling them to work satisfactorily and safely. The steam turbine generator, being rotating equipment, generally has a heavy, large-diameter shaft.

The shaft therefore requires not only supports but also has to be kept in position while running. To minimize the frictional resistance to the rotation, the shaft has a number of bearings. The bearing shells, in which the shaft rotates, are lined with a low-friction material like Babbitt metal.

Oil lubrication is provided to further reduce the friction between shaft and bearing surface and to limit the heat generated. Stack gas path and cleanup[ edit ] See also: Flue-gas emissions from fossil-fuel combustion and Flue-gas desulfurization As the combustion flue gas exits the boiler it is routed through thermoelectric power plant rotating flat basket of metal mesh which picks up heat and returns it to incoming fresh air as the basket rotates.

How it Works: Water for Power Plant Cooling | Union of Concerned Scientists

This is called the air preheater. The gas exiting the boiler is laden with fly ashwhich are tiny spherical ash particles.

THERMOELECTRIC POWER PLANT PDF DOWNLOAD

The flue gas contains nitrogen along with combustion products carbon dioxidesulfur dioxideand nitrogen oxides. The fly ash is removed thermoelectric power plant fabric bag filters in baghouses or electrostatic precipitators.

Thermoelectric Power Plants

Once removed, the fly ash byproduct can thermoelectric power plant be used in the manufacturing of concrete. This cleaning up of flue gases, however, only occurs in plants that are fitted with the appropriate technology.

Still, the majority of coal-fired power stations in the world do not have these facilities.

THERMOELECTRIC POWER PLANT PDF DOWNLOAD

Japan has been using flue gas cleaning technology for over 30 years and the US has been doing the same for over 25 years. China is now beginning to thermoelectric power plant with the pollution caused by coal-fired power stations.

Where required by law, the sulfur and nitrogen oxide pollutants are removed by stack gas scrubbers which use a pulverized limestone or other alkaline wet slurry to remove those pollutants from the exit stack gas.

Other devices thermoelectric power plant catalysts to remove nitrous oxide compounds from the flue-gas stream. The tallest flue-gas stack in the world is In the United States and a number of other countries, atmospheric dispersion modeling [15] studies are required to determine the flue-gas stack height needed to comply with the local air pollution thermoelectric power plant.

The United States also requires the height of a flue-gas stack to comply with what is known as the " good engineering practice " GEP stack height. Fly ash collection[ edit ] Fly ash is captured and removed from the flue gas by electrostatic precipitators or fabric bag filters or sometimes both thermoelectric power plant at the outlet of the furnace and before the induced draft fan.

The fly ash is periodically removed from the collection hoppers below the precipitators or bag filters.